A side view of Al Zubarah Fort
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Preserving Heritage: Finding A Nation's Voice

10 May 2022

By Abdullatif Al Jasmi

In this special post, Abdullatif Al Jasmi, Director of Cultural Heritage Protection at Qatar Museums, writes about the importance of this highly specialised area of work in Qatar, and across the world.

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Cultural heritage shapes values, beliefs and aspirations, it defines a nation’s identity and represents a record of its human achievement. When I look at Al Zubarah, I don’t just see a magnificent building or the remains of an old town – I see a grandmother braiding her granddaughter’s hair, a pearl diver bidding his family goodbye and leaders of the town discussing new trade routes. Each one of us will see a different memory.

Cultural heritage is about keeping hold of distant but important memories. That’s why it is forever linked to the concept of preservation. For cultural heritage to exist, it must have been passed on by previous generations and preserved by the current one, so it can be handed to the next. And while museums are memory institutions (places that tell the stories of the past through objects and artwork), not all memories can be compartmentalised into a display case or a structured gallery. These memories are found outside the buildings we pass; in the way we dress and in the stories we tell our children.

Two boys dressed in traditional Qatari attire hoop rolling with Al Zubarah fort in the background

One way for us to honour cultural heritage as individuals is to dig deeper and go beyond appreciating the obvious outer layers. When we look at a heritage item, perhaps an old dhow boat, we must ask ourselves: – Wwhy is it here? Where has it been? What role did it play in shaping lives? It is vital to recall history and to use it to drive our knowledge and understanding of the world we now live in.

This region has seen the journeys of many civilisations. From Iraq to Oman, the number of languages, governments, tribes, trades and cultures that have passed through and settled is vast. There are so many elements to our history, which has continuously changed for thousands of years. It is worth exploring the influence this change has had, and how it led to where we are today.

If you do not preserve cultural heritage, it will drift away with the passage of time. If you protect it – or at least parts of it – you will create a beautiful fusion of past, present and future that is simply unique.

The State of Qatar has long understood this. Preserving our past and using it to inspire our future is woven into the fabric of everything that we do and supported by the Qatar National Vision 2030. It is our way of telling our story and cementing our place in a world that is increasingly polarised.

An aerial view of the fortifying walls and towers of the Al Zubarah Fort

Over the past several years, Qatar Museums (QM) has made giant strides in preserving and promoting our cultural heritage – from investigating the Al Zubarah site, to helping inscribe it at the UNESCO, to discovering more than 6,000 sites to conserving heritage structures across Qatar.

However, it is not all about digging and rebuilding. We have also undertaken important work to record and document elements of our past, including creating the Qatar National Historic Environment Record and the Qatar Cultural Heritage Information Management System – tools which bring together data about history and heritage. Combined, these activities will ensure that our past will be remembered for generations to come.

I truly believe that the only way to turn human intellect into a sustainable field that gets passed down through generations is to take care of our culture. It is to find the source of our being and to form a connection with our past, human history and social identity. Otherwise, we risk losing an important part of who we are.

Abdullatif Al Jasmi is Director of Cultural Heritage Protection at Qatar Museums.